Aintree | Bebington | Billinge | Birkenhead | Bootle | Brimstage | Bromborough |
Crosby | Eastham | Formby | Garswood | Greasby |
Halewood | Haydock | Heswall | Hightown | Hilbre Islands | Hoylake | Huyton |
Ince Blundell | Irby | Kirkby | Knowsley |
Litherland | Liverpool | Lunt | Lydiate | Maghull | Melling | Moreton |
New Brighton | Newton-le-Willows | Port Sunlight | Prescot
| Rainford | Rainhill | Southport | St Helens | Thornton Hough | Thurstaston | Upton |
Wallasey | West Kirby
Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. It
encompasses the metropolitan area centred on both banks of the lower reaches of the Mersey Estuary, and comprises five
metropolitan boroughs: Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral, and the city of Liverpool. Merseyside, which was created on 1 April
1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, takes its name from the River Mersey.
Merseyside spans 249 square miles (645 km2) of land which border Lancashire (to the north-east), Greater Manchester (to the east),
and Cheshire (to the south and south-west); the Irish Sea is to the west. North Wales is across the Dee Estuary. There is a mix of
high density urban areas, suburbs, semi-rural and rural locations in Merseyside, but overwhelmingly the land use is urban. It has
a focused central business district, formed by Liverpool City Centre, but Merseyside is also a polycentric county with five
metropolitan districts, each of which has at least one major town centre and outlying suburbs. The Liverpool Urban Area is the
seventh most populous conurbation in the UK, and dominates the geographic centre of the county, while the smaller Birkenhead Urban
Area dominates the Wirral Peninsula in the south.
For the 12 years following 1974 the county had a two-tier system of local government; district councils shared power with the
Merseyside County Council. The county council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) are now
effectively unitary authority areas. However, the metropolitan county continues to exist in law and as a geographic frame of
reference, and several county-wide services are co-ordinated by authorities and joint-boards, such as Merseytravel (for public
transport) and the Merseyside Police (for law-enforcement); as a ceremonial county, Merseyside has a Lord Lieutenant and a High
Sheriff. Merseyside is joined by the neighbouring borough of Halton to form the Liverpool City Region, which utilises The Mersey
Partnership as a development agency.
Merseyside is an amalgamation of 22 former local government districts from the former administrative counties of Lancashire,
Cheshire and six autonomous county boroughs centred on Birkenhead, Bootle, Liverpool, Southport, St Helens, and Wallasey.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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